The Kidnapping Of Jaycee Dugard: 5 Things To Know 

Twenty-eight years after the fateful day Jaycee Dugard was kidnapped, here are five things to know about the notorious case.

June 10, 2019

Jaycee Dugard [20/20 ABC News (screenshot)]

Jaycee Dugard [20/20 ABC News (screenshot)]

By: Catherine Townsend
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On June 10, 1991, 11-year-old Jaycee Dugard was kidnapped while walking to a school bus stop. The couple who took her, Phillip and Nancy Garrido, kept Dugard captive in an elaborate system of lean-tos and tents on their property in Antioch, California and subjected her to years of physical, emotional and sexual abuse.

In 2009 she escaped after 18 years of captivity. Twenty-eight years after the fateful day Dugard was kidnapped, here are five things to know about the notorious case:

1. Dugard gave birth to two daughters while in captivity.

After Phillip Garrido raped Dugard she became pregnant and eventually gave birth to two daughters. The girls were 11 and 15 at the time of her reappearance. In her memoir, Dugard details how she gave birth in an outdoor shed without medical assistance and her struggles as she attempted to educate her daughters. Without the availability of books Dugard educated her daughters using information taken from television. She homeschooled them and constantly fought to protect them from Garrido, however, she told ABC News in 2016 that if her daughters ever wanted to see their father, she would not prevent them from doing so.

2. She has written two memoirs about her time in captivity, and the elaborate structures that the Garridos built to keep her hidden.

In 2011, without the help of a ghostwriter, Dugard wrote A Stolen Life: A Memoir, and it became an immediate bestseller.

In the book Dugard details how Garrido terrified her into submission. The Garridos kept Dugard prisoner at their home in an unincorporated area of Contra Costa County in a complicated array of lean-tos and storage units. She was kept inside the structure in a tiny soundproofed room that they kept bolted shut. Dugard said that Garrido left her naked in the structure, and after raping her Garrido would warn her that trained Doberman Pinschers would attack her if she tried to escape. Eventually, Garrido built an eight-foot fence around the backyard and a tent for Dugard to walk around in.

Her second book Freedom: My Book of Firsts was published in 2016.

3. Her abductor, Phillip Garrido, had a history of sexually abusing women.

Phillip and Nancy Garrido mughshots [El Dorado Sheriff's Office]

Phillip and Nancy Garrido mughshots [El Dorado Sheriff's Office]

In 1972, Garrido was arrested and charged with sexually assaulting a 14-year-old girl. But the case did not go to trial due to the fact that the alleged victim refused to testify. His ex-wife Christine Murphy told police that he was abusive, and that he had attempted to kidnap her when she tried to leave him. In 1976, Garrido kidnapped 25-year-old Katherine Callaway in South Lake Tahoe, California and sexually assaulted her over a period of several hours. He was charged and convicted of crimes in both federal and state courts, for which he received concurrent sentences.

Callaway told CNN that Garrido kept her locked inside a storage facility - and that the attack had changed her life forever. "It was like a maze," she said. "And in the back of the mini warehouse where he had me, he had it set up to keep someone for awhile."

"For years, I walked around like a zombie," she said. "I had to tell everyone I met what had happened to me -- because I didn't feel like myself. It was as if I had to explain why I wasn't 'normal.''

On June 30, 1977, Garrido entered a Leavenworth, Kansas federal prison to begin serving his concurrent sentences for the Calloway rape and kidnapping. After serving ten years at Leavenworth,Garrido was released to the custody of the Nevada State Prison to continue serving his five years to life sentence for the state conviction (the rationale being that the Nevada state judge who handed down the concurrent sentence, did so with the belief that Garrido would be required to serve at least two-thirds of his 50-year federal sentence). However, on August 26, 1988, after a mere seven months of incarceration in Nevada, Garrido was also granted parole from state prison. After his release, he wore a GPS-enabled ankle bracelet as a parolee and was reportedly visited many times by federal and state authorities.

4. Dugard homeschooled her daughters and worked as a graphic artist for Garrido.

During her time in captivity, Dugard passed the time by planting flowers in a garden and homeschooling her daughters. Eventually, she worked as a graphic artist for Garrido's printing business. At the time, according to reports, she had access to a business phone and email but, according to customers, she never hinted at the abduction - or gave clues to her true identity.

5. She says that her Palomino horse has helped her heal.

According to interviews, Dugard is single, focusing on herself, her children, and her family. Her exact location has not been revealed to the public. In 2011, she told Diane Sawyer that she wears a pinecone symbol around her neck as a reminder of the last thing she touched before she was kidnapped. "Now, it's a symbol of hope and new beginnings," she said, according to ABC. "And that there is life after something tragic."

She founded The JAYC Foundation with the goal of helping other victims and families in crisis. She told Parade that her foundation provides equine therapy - partly due to the fact that animals played a role in her own healing. Dugard said: "From my first kitty, Rusty, to my big Dobermann, Sheena, animals have taught me compassion and empathy and always made me feel loved, no matter what. Eight years ago, my friends and family surprised me with a Palomino Haflinger I call Cowboy. I have learned so much from him on and off the ground: patience, humor, staying present - attunement to each other. He’s a clown and a teacher. I don’t think I would be as healthy as I am today without him in my life."

For the most part, Dugard keeps her private life private.

Phillip Garrido was sentenced to 431 years to life in prison for the kidnapping and sexual assault of Dugard - and Nancy Garrido received a sentence of 36 years to life in prison for her role in the abduction and rape.

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